Basic Existentialism, Absurdism, Nihilsm

Basic existentialism, absurdism, nihilism

Basic existentialism, absurdism, nihilism

 

Absurdism

In absurdist philosophy, the Absurd arises out of the fundamental disharmony between the individual’s search for meaning(Existentialist) and the meaninglessness(Nihilist) of the universe. As beings looking for meaning in a meaningless world, humans have three ways of resolving the dilemma. Kierkegaard and Camus describe the solutions…

  1. Suicide
  2. Religious, spiritual, or abstract belief in a transcendent realm, being, or idea.
  3. Acceptance of the Absurd

 

Christian Existentialism

  • Christianity => grace, humility, and love.
  • God => Love.
  • Evil => consequence of action.

 

Nihilism

  • Life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value.
  • Knowledge is not possible.
  • Reality does not actually exist.

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved

Hamlet: After Act 1 and 2(English 30)

Major Response
(30-1)”I know not seems.” In I, ii, 76, Hamlet claims that his grief is real, not just a show. Make a chart of all the occasions in Act 1 and 2 when there is a difference between the way a character seems to be and the way he or she really is. Create your summary with the following headings:

  • The Character
  • The Situation
  • The Appearance
  • The Reality
  • The Reason for Hiding the Truth

Fill in your ideas about the characters’ behaviour and compare your summary with those of other students.

(30-2)Consider whether or not you think Polonius is a good father. Explain which of his actions were right and which were wrong. Create your own description of a good father. Write a letter to Polonius offering him advice about ways he could become a better parent.

Act 1&2 Considerations:

  1. Why did Marcellus and Bernardo ask Horatio to join them during their watch? What character traits does Horatio possess that would suggest they were right in asking him to join them?
  2. Imagine you were a talk show host, interviewing the newly crowned Claudius, King of Denmark. In a series of questions and answers, review the information provided in I,ii.
  3. Describe the Hamlet revealed in I,ii.
  4. Imagine you are an advice columnist and have received a question that deals with Laertes’ or Ophelia’s situation. Write the question and the response using exact phrases from Acts 1
  5. Write a diary entry in which Ophelia or Laertes recounts some of the advice she or he has received and how she or he feels about the advice.
  6. In 1594, Thomas Nashe speculated why the devil often appeared in the likeliness of a parent or relative: “No other reason can be given of it but this, that in those shapes which he supposeth most familiar unto us, and that we are inclined to with a natural kind of love, we will sooner hearken to him than otherwise.” Hamlet’s friends offer him reasons to not trust the apparition of his father. Summarize these reasons. How does Hamlet respond and what does this show about his character?
  7. Knowing what he knows (in I,v), could Hamlet march into the castle and accuse Claudius of Murder? What would happen if Hamlet attempted to kill Claudius immediately? Write a short scene following Act 1 in which Hamlet accuses Claudius or attempts to kill.
  8. Imagine you are Reynaldo, in Paris, and conversing with a Dane about Laertes’ activities. Write a dialogue in which you follow Polonius’ instructions.
  9. Claudius, Gertrude, and Polonius all have differing opinions on the source of Hamlet’s madness. What are they?
  10. Read the First Player’s speech carefully. Outline what it has in common in terms of characters and situations with what has transpired in the Danish court.

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved

ELA 20 Written Assignment

ELA 20-2
Advice to a Panicky Friend
One of your friends has shared some of his/her problems with you. Your friend wants advice on how to handle these difficulties because things seem to be going from bad to worse. In fact, your friend is becoming panicky. Write a post/comment/letter to your friend, giving both your advice on how to relieve the panic and your suggestions about how to proceed next. In the opening paragraph, identify the problem and make sure it is serious enough to warrant such a response from you.

Tip: Maybe your friend is suffering from a lack of sleep.

ELA 20-1
A Dark Time
Each of us probably has experienced a “dark” time in our lives when events or relationships were not going well. In a post, identify that dark period and comment on your feelings (ie. depression, frustration).

Tip: Create a stream of consciousness narrative.

pr_rubric
 

Extra:
Include a phrase or idea from William James somewhere in your narrative or letter.

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved

Gender Equality

TED video: Sheryl Sandberg: COO, Facebook “Why we have too few women leaders”(2010)

“Success and likeability are positively correlated for men and negatively correlated for women.

Ask yourself some of these focus questions on equality or some of these questions on feminist criticism specifically.

Identify Sheryl Sandberg’s core messages about equality. Think carefully.

Write about Ophelia and Gertrude. What would be the messages Sheryl Sandberg may have for Ophelia and Gertrude?

Read more about Sheryl Sandberg on amazon.ca

Extra: Modern European Intellectual History: Abelard to Nietzsche.

“Sandberg’s message matters deeply: it has a shot at bringing about a cultural change that would improve the lives of all women.”
—Judith Warner, TIME

http://meaganspooner.tumblr.com/post/70393105689/on-luck

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved

Hamlet and the Human Condition

“Hamlet is a name; his speeches and sayings but the idle coinage of the poet’s brain. What then, are they not real? They are as real as our own thoughts. Their reality is in the reader’s mind. It is we who are Hamlet.” – William Hazlitt (1817)

Write an essay about what Hamlet (the play and/or the character) has to say about who we are, about the human condition.

Tips:
Try the online essay planner for Hamlet at shmoop.com.
Synthesize arguments from the notes and discussions topics from our own classes (any topic/concept/question/conundrum from Apollonian to Xenophobia).

… not selfishly–or not always selfishly, we are in search of our identity, the identity of our human condition.
– Malcolm Ross & John Stevens

The most profound discovery that we can make is our discovery of self. Our identity rests in the kind of people we are. To understand who we are and to develop fully as human beings, we must explore the nature of our humanness and the purpose of our lives. Who and what are we? What are the common human qualities and ideals we hold? What roles do other people (e.g., friends, family) play in our lives? What brings us joy, inspiration, and fulfillment? What doubts and fears do we have? By examining our lives and searching for answers to these and other questions, we can find meaning and fulfillment as human beings.

The life which is unexamined is not worth living.
– Plato

Critical Response Rubric

Critical Response Rubric

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved

ELA 30 Writing Assignments: Modernism

First and second assignments:
30-1, 30-2, and 30-4 do the following:

Third assignment:
30-1 do the following:

30-2 do the following:

30-4 do the following:

Fourth assignment:
30-1, 30-2, and 30-4 do the following:

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved

Same Circus, New Clowns, … and New Clown Pants

I was thinking this morning I had better push out a list of some items new and returning students should have or soon add to their sites:

  • update choice of themes, revised site titles and tag lines.
  • check profile and update any details – especially your password and email details (must be your active @ecacs16.ab.ca email)
  • customize your theme – look at theme settings for any other details to make your site more uniquely your own
  • add a personal gravatar to your ecacs16.ab.ca email account
  • create a few amazon book widgets: “Books I’m Reading”, “Books I’ve Read”, “Books I Want”, “Favourite DVDs” etc.
  • create a custom menu widget of your class (and other classes)
  • add a custom menu widget for your most used links: forum Book Talk, email, School Calendar, Snowflakes, etc…
  • add a link to your custom menu to your current course outlines and focus questions at the Pingo Lingo and ComTech blogs

If you have other tips or tidbits in your blog you think we all should have, please drop me a comment below.

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved

ELA 10 Midterm Assignment

When you have to make a choice and don’t make it, that is in itself a choice. -William James

Read carefully the two short stories, The Sniper by O’Flaherty and Araby by James Joyce.

Write a post in response to one of these stories in which you discuss the idea(s) the author suggests to you about decisions.

Consider the rubric:

Tips General:
This assignment should allow you to showcase your expository writing skills. As well, you should consider relevant items for your discussion from your Short Story Study Guide. Show how the author builds interest/intensity about decisions through the use of literal (information, vocabulary, conflict, etc) figurative (symbolism, irony, allusion, etc) and archetypal elements.

Tips Extra:
The rubric will reward discussions which incorporate philosophical ideas in general. This task would be an excellent opportunity to quibble about existential ideals specifically.

©2013 Mr. D. Sader | Pingo Lingo | All Rights Reserved